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Fine Literature
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(384-322 B.C.)

Bust of Aristotle Aristotle, a Greek philosopher, was born in Stagira, a Greek colony on the northwestern shore of the Aegean Sea — hence sometimes called "the Stagirite." The son of court physician of Amyntas II, he studied (361-347) under Plato at the academy in Athens; tutored Alexander the Great (c. 342-335); taught in Athens as head of the Peripatetic school (335-322). His treatises, in large part consisting of lectures delivered to his disciples in his school at Athens, may be classified as works in logic, metaphysics. natural science, ethics and politics, and rhetoric and poetics. Among his writings on logic (called later the Organon) are: Prior Analytics (2 books), Posterior Analytics (2 books), and Sophisms. His great philosophical work is Metaphysics (13 books). In the field of natural science are: Physics (8 books), On the Heavens (4 books), On Beginning and Perishing (2 books), Parts of Animals (4 books), Generation (5 books), On the Soul (De Anino), and On Plants (2 books). In the field of ethics and politics are: Nicomachean Ethics (10 books) and Politics (8 books). In the field of rhetoric and poetics are: Rhetoric (3 books) and Poetics, of which only his treatment of tragedy and epic poetry has been preserved.

Other works by Aristotle include:

  • Physica Auscultatio, On Nature as Cause and Change, and the
  • General Principles of Natural Science.

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